MySQL常用函数手册:最实用的MYSQL函数大全

MySQL 常用函数主要包括数值型函数、字符串型函数、日期时间函数、聚合函数以及JSON函数等。

数值型函数

即Mathematical Functions。

Name Description 释义
ABS() Return the absolute value
ACOS() Return the arc cosine
ASIN() Return the arc sine
ATAN() Return the arc tangent
ATAN2()ATAN() Return the arc tangent of the two arguments
CEIL() Return the smallest integer value not less than the argument
CEILING() Return the smallest integer value not less than the argument
CONV() Convert numbers between different number bases
COS() Return the cosine
COT() Return the cotangent
CRC32() Compute a cyclic redundancy check value
DEGREES() Convert radians to degrees
EXP() Raise to the power of
FLOOR() Return the largest integer value not greater than the argument
LN() Return the natural logarithm of the argument
LOG() Return the natural logarithm of the first argument
LOG10() Return the base-10 logarithm of the argument
LOG2() Return the base-2 logarithm of the argument
MOD() Return the remainder
PI() Return the value of pi
POW() Return the argument raised to the specified power
POWER() Return the argument raised to the specified power
RADIANS() Return argument converted to radians
RAND() Return a random floating-point value
ROUND() Round the argument
SIGN() Return the sign of the argument
SIN() Return the sine of the argument
SQRT() Return the square root of the argument
TAN() Return the tangent of the argument
TRUNCATE() Truncate to specified number of decimal places

日期和时间函数

即Date and Time Functions。

Name Description 释义
ADDDATE() Add time values (intervals) to a date value
ADDTIME() Add time
CONVERT_TZ() Convert from one time zone to another
CURDATE() Return the current date
CURRENT_DATE()CURRENT_DATE Synonyms for CURDATE()
CURRENT_TIME()CURRENT_TIME Synonyms for CURTIME()
CURRENT_TIMESTAMP()CURRENT_TIMESTAMP Synonyms for NOW()
CURTIME() Return the current time
DATE() Extract the date part of a date or datetime expression
DATE_ADD() Add time values (intervals) to a date value
DATE_FORMAT() Format date as specified
DATE_SUB() Subtract a time value (interval) from a date
DATEDIFF() Subtract two dates
DAY() Synonym for DAYOFMONTH()
DAYNAME() Return the name of the weekday
DAYOFMONTH() Return the day of the month (0-31)
DAYOFWEEK() Return the weekday index of the argument
DAYOFYEAR() Return the day of the year (1-366)
EXTRACT() Extract part of a date
FROM_DAYS() Convert a day number to a date
FROM_UNIXTIME() Format Unix timestamp as a date
GET_FORMAT() Return a date format string
HOUR() Extract the hour
LAST_DAY Return the last day of the month for the argument
LOCALTIME()LOCALTIME Synonym for NOW()
LOCALTIMESTAMPLOCALTIMESTAMP() Synonym for NOW()
MAKEDATE() Create a date from the year and day of year
MAKETIME() Create time from hour, minute, second
MICROSECOND() Return the microseconds from argument
MINUTE() Return the minute from the argument
MONTH() Return the month from the date passed
MONTHNAME() Return the name of the month
NOW() Return the current date and time
PERIOD_ADD() Add a period to a year-month
PERIOD_DIFF() Return the number of months between periods
QUARTER() Return the quarter from a date argument
SEC_TO_TIME() Converts seconds to ‘hh:mm:ss’ format
SECOND() Return the second (0-59)
STR_TO_DATE() Convert a string to a date
SUBDATE() Synonym for DATE_SUB() when invoked with three arguments
SUBTIME() Subtract times
SYSDATE() Return the time at which the function executes
TIME() Extract the time portion of the expression passed
TIME_FORMAT() Format as time
TIME_TO_SEC() Return the argument converted to seconds
TIMEDIFF() Subtract time
TIMESTAMP() With a single argument, this function returns the date or datetime expression; with two arguments, the sum of the arguments
TIMESTAMPADD() Add an interval to a datetime expression
TIMESTAMPDIFF() Subtract an interval from a datetime expression
TO_DAYS() Return the date argument converted to days
TO_SECONDS() Return the date or datetime argument converted to seconds since Year 0
UNIX_TIMESTAMP() Return a Unix timestamp
UTC_DATE() Return the current UTC date
UTC_TIME() Return the current UTC time
UTC_TIMESTAMP() Return the current UTC date and time
WEEK() Return the week number
WEEKDAY() Return the weekday index
WEEKOFYEAR() Return the calendar week of the date (1-53)
YEAR() Return the year
YEARWEEK() Return the year and week

字符串相关函数

即String Functions。

Name Description 释义
ASCII() Return numeric value of left-most character
BIN() Return a string containing binary representation of a number
BIT_LENGTH() Return length of argument in bits
CHAR() Return the character for each integer passed
CHAR_LENGTH() Return number of characters in argument
CHARACTER_LENGTH() Synonym for CHAR_LENGTH()
CONCAT() Return concatenated string
CONCAT_WS() Return concatenate with separator
ELT() Return string at index number
EXPORT_SET() Return a string such that for every bit set in the value bits, you get an on string and for every unset bit, you get an off string
FIELD() Index (position) of first argument in subsequent arguments
FIND_IN_SET() Index (position) of first argument within second argument
FORMAT() Return a number formatted to specified number of decimal places
FROM_BASE64() Decode base64 encoded string and return result
HEX() Hexadecimal representation of decimal or string value
INSERT() Insert substring at specified position up to specified number of characters
INSTR() Return the index of the first occurrence of substring
LCASE() Synonym for LOWER()
LEFT() Return the leftmost number of characters as specified
LENGTH() Return the length of a string in bytes
LIKE Simple pattern matching
LOAD_FILE() Load the named file
LOCATE() Return the position of the first occurrence of substring
LOWER() Return the argument in lowercase
LPAD() Return the string argument, left-padded with the specified string
LTRIM() Remove leading spaces
MAKE_SET() Return a set of comma-separated strings that have the corresponding bit in bits set
MATCH() Perform full-text search
MID() Return a substring starting from the specified position
NOT LIKE Negation of simple pattern matching
NOT REGEXP Negation of REGEXP
OCT() Return a string containing octal representation of a number
OCTET_LENGTH() Synonym for LENGTH()
ORD() Return character code for leftmost character of the argument
POSITION() Synonym for LOCATE()
QUOTE() Escape the argument for use in an SQL statement
REGEXP Whether string matches regular expression
REGEXP_INSTR() Starting index of substring matching regular expression
REGEXP_LIKE() Whether string matches regular expression
REGEXP_REPLACE() Replace substrings matching regular expression
REGEXP_SUBSTR() Return substring matching regular expression
REPEAT() Repeat a string the specified number of times
REPLACE() Replace occurrences of a specified string
REVERSE() Reverse the characters in a string
RIGHT() Return the specified rightmost number of characters
RLIKE Whether string matches regular expression
RPAD() Append string the specified number of times
RTRIM() Remove trailing spaces
SOUNDEX() Return a soundex string
SOUNDS LIKE Compare sounds
SPACE() Return a string of the specified number of spaces
STRCMP() Compare two strings
SUBSTR() Return the substring as specified
SUBSTRING() Return the substring as specified
SUBSTRING_INDEX() Return a substring from a string before the specified number of occurrences of the delimiter
TO_BASE64() Return the argument converted to a base-64 string
TRIM() Remove leading and trailing spaces
UCASE() Synonym for UPPER()
UNHEX() Return a string containing hex representation of a number
UPPER() Convert to uppercase
WEIGHT_STRING() Return the weight string for a string

聚合函数

即Aggregate Functions.

Name Description 释义
AVG() Return the average value of the argument
BIT_AND() Return bitwise AND
BIT_OR() Return bitwise OR
BIT_XOR() Return bitwise XOR
COUNT() Return a count of the number of rows returned
COUNT(DISTINCT) Return the count of a number of different values
GROUP_CONCAT() Return a concatenated string
JSON_ARRAYAGG() Return result set as a single JSON array
JSON_OBJECTAGG() Return result set as a single JSON object
MAX() Return the maximum value
MIN() Return the minimum value
STD() Return the population standard deviation
STDDEV() Return the population standard deviation
STDDEV_POP() Return the population standard deviation
STDDEV_SAMP() Return the sample standard deviation
SUM() Return the sum
VAR_POP() Return the population standard variance
VAR_SAMP() Return the sample variance
VARIANCE() Return the population standard variance

JSON函数

Name Description Introduced Deprecated
JSON_ARRAY() Create JSON array
JSON_ARRAY_APPEND() Append data to JSON document
JSON_ARRAY_INSERT() Insert into JSON array
JSON_CONTAINS() Whether JSON document contains specific object at path
JSON_CONTAINS_PATH() Whether JSON document contains any data at path
JSON_DEPTH() Maximum depth of JSON document
JSON_EXTRACT() Return data from JSON document
JSON_INSERT() Insert data into JSON document
JSON_KEYS() Array of keys from JSON document
JSON_LENGTH() Number of elements in JSON document
JSON_MERGE_PATCH() Merge JSON documents, replacing values of duplicate keys
JSON_MERGE_PRESERVE() Merge JSON documents, preserving duplicate keys
JSON_OBJECT() Create JSON object
JSON_OVERLAPS() Compares two JSON documents, returns TRUE (1) if these have any key-value pairs or array elements in common, otherwise FALSE (0) 8.0.17
JSON_PRETTY() Print a JSON document in human-readable format
JSON_QUOTE() Quote JSON document
JSON_REMOVE() Remove data from JSON document
JSON_REPLACE() Replace values in JSON document
JSON_SCHEMA_VALID() Validate JSON document against JSON schema; returns TRUE/1 if document validates against schema, or FALSE/0 if it does not 8.0.17
JSON_SCHEMA_VALIDATION_REPORT() Validate JSON document against JSON schema; returns report in JSON format on outcome on validation including success or failure and reasons for failure 8.0.17
JSON_SEARCH() Path to value within JSON document
JSON_SET() Insert data into JSON document
JSON_STORAGE_FREE() Freed space within binary representation of JSON column value following partial update
JSON_STORAGE_SIZE() Space used for storage of binary representation of a JSON document
JSON_TABLE() Return data from a JSON expression as a relational table
JSON_TYPE() Type of JSON value
JSON_UNQUOTE() Unquote JSON value
JSON_VALID() Whether JSON value is valid
JSON_VALUE() Extract value from JSON document at location pointed to by path provided; return this value as VARCHAR(512) or specified type 8.0.21
MEMBER OF() Returns true (1) if first operand matches any element of JSON array passed as second operand, otherwise returns false (0) 8.0.17

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